Author(s): Lee CL, Jain S, Wang CJ, Yen CF, Soong YK
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe our classification according to severity of developmental mullerian anomalies with obstructed cervix. DESIGN: Retrospective review (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: University-based, tertiary-level center for endoscopic surgery. PATIENTS: Ten women with developmental mullerian anomalies with obstructed cervix. INTERVENTION: Patients with didelphic uterus with a rudimentary nonfunctional horn and hypoplastic cervix (type 1) underwent hemihysterectomy or diagnostic endoscopy. Those with agenesis of cervix with normal uterus (type 2) had uterovaginal canalization or neocervix with full-thickness skin graft. Women with identical didelphic uteri and hypoplastic cervix (type 3) underwent uterovaginal canalization with or without endometrial ablation or hemihysterectomy. Patients with didelphic uterus with a rudimentary horn and hypoplastic cervix (type 4) had laparoscopic hemihysterectomy. Those with agenesis of the vagina and cervix but with functional endometrium (type 5) had laparoscopic-assisted full-thickness skin graft. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Average duration of surgery was 60 to 210 minutes. There were no intraoperative complications. Patients with type 1 anomaly are continuing infertility treatment. All three patients in type 2 continue to have regular menses without dysmenorrhea. In those with type 3 conditions, hemihysterectomy was performed in one woman and uterovaginal canalization was performed on the hypoplastic cervix in another. After the neocervix was created, endometrial ablation was performed. No evidence of cervical obstruction or hematometra was found in either patient. The patient with type 4 anomaly continues to have regular menstrual periods without dysmenorrhea. Women with type 5 disorder had good healing of vaginal skin grafts. CONCLUSION: This classification helps identify mullerian anomalies in relation to obstructive cervix. It is useful in categorizing the disorders and determines management strategies and prognosis.