Author(s): Francs C, Barete S, Ayoub N, Piette JC
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Abstract Various dermatologic manifestations are observed in the different lupus subsets. Lupus lesions are characterized by a dermo-epidermal dermatitis. Other lesions, vascular or non vascular, are essentially present in association with systemic lupus erythematosus. Acute, subacute and chronic lupus erythematosus are distinguishable according to their clinical aspects, pathological features and evolution. Acute lesions are either localized to the midface or widespread. Subacute lesions may be annular or psoriasiform. Chronic lupus erythematosus includes localized or widespread discoid lupus, lupus tumidus, chilblain lupus and panniculitis. Therapy of cutaneous lupus is mainly based on antimalarials and avoidance of sun irradiation. In refractory cutaneous lupus, no universal guidelines are currently available. Except for acrosyndromes and urticaria-like lesions, vascular lesions may be due to vasculitis or thrombosis. An accurate diagnosis is absolutely necessary since therapy is different in thrombosis and vasculitis. Non vascular and non lupus lesions are numerous, some of them require special treatment such as dapsone for bullous lupus.
This article was published in Ann Med Interne (Paris)
and referenced in Dermatology Case Reports