Author(s): Fawole AO, Okunlola MA, Adekunle AO
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To assess perceptions of pregnant women about quality of antenatal care. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study in a developing country setting. Three-hundred-ninety-five previously booked pregnant women randomly selected from private and public health facilities at the 3 levels of care were interviewed using a 52-stem interviewer-administered, semistructured questionnaire. The questionnaire sought information about bio data, health information and services, interpersonal communications, amenities and constellation of services. RESULTS: Mean gestational age at booking was 18.5 +/- 6.3 weeks. Only 25.8\% of respondents booked in the first trimester. Mean number of antenatal visits was 4.0 +/- 2.4. Mean time spent during clinic visits was 3.9 +/- 1.4 hours. Waiting time was rated as appropriate by most women (67.1\%). Women with high education and in upper socioeconomic class tended to rate the waiting time as too long. Counseling for HIV was the predominant health education subject. More than half (53.9\%) of respondents did not receive information about cervical cancer. About 10\% of patients did not receive information about danger signs during pregnancy, breast self-examination, family planning and prevention of sexually transmitted infections. Clinic amenities and constellation of services were rated highly. Most women (96.5\%) were satisfied with the care received, would use the same facility in future pregnancies and would recommend it to friends. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of pregnant women were satisfied with the care they received. However, frequent antenatal visits and long waiting times are the norm of our antenatal service. Measures for improving elements of quality of antenatal care are imperative.
This article was published in J Natl Med Assoc
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy