alexa Clinical and laboratory studies of severe periodontal disease in an adolescent associated with hypophosphatasia. A case report.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cytology & Histology

Author(s): Watanabe H, Umeda M, Seki T, Ishikawa I

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Hypophosphatasia is a congenital disease characterized by defective bone mineralization, deficiency of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, increased excretion of the phosphoethanolamine (PEA) in the urine, and premature loss of the deciduous teeth. A male hypophosphatasia patient (aged 15 years 6 months) with premature exfoliation of the deciduous teeth was referred to our hospital because of severe periodontal destruction in the permanent dentition. Blood and urine tests as well as oral and periodontal examinations were performed. Serum antibody titers against 7 periodontopathic bacteria by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), monocyte and neutrophil chemotaxis measurements, and cellular immunity tests were also performed. Low levels of ALP in serum and PEA in the urine were found. Monocyte and neutrophil chemotaxis exhibited normal values. Slightly depressed CD2+, CD3+, and CD4+ and slightly elevated activity of NK cells were found. An elevated level of serum antibody to Porphyromonas gingivalis was observed. Oral radiographic examination showed a mirror pattern of alveolar bone loss which is similar to that seen in localized juvenile periodontitis. Periodontal treatment of this patient was carried out for 4 years. The severely affected sites, the lower right and left first molars and the upper right first molar, had to be extracted. However, the other sites were well maintained. The serum IgG level against P. gingivalis was decreased after 4 years of periodontal treatment. Infection with P. gingivalis was suspected to be associated with the destruction of this patient's hypophosphatasia, but other dental abnormalities such as abnormal enamel, dentin, and cementum formation may also have contributed to the periodontal pathology. This article was published in J Periodontol and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords