alexa Clinical and radiographic outcomes of femoral head fractures: excision vs. fixation of fragment in Pipkin type I: what is the optimal choice for femoral head fracture?


Journal of Surgery

Author(s): Park KS, Lee KB, Na BR, Yoon TR, Park KS, Lee KB, Na BR, Yoon TR

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Abstract BACKGROUND: In this work, we present relatively long-term results of femoral head fractures with a specific focus on Pipkin type I fractures. METHODS: Fifty-nine femoral head fractures were treated according to modified Pipkin's classification as follows: type I, small fragment distal to the fovea centralis (FC); type II, large fragment distal to the FC; type III, large fragment proximal to the FC; type IV, comminuted fracture. There were 15 cases of type I, 28 of type II, 9 of type III, and 7 of type IV fractures. Conservative treatment with skeletal traction was performed in 4 type II cases, excision of the fragment in 15 type I and 10 type II cases, fixation of the fragment in 14 type II and all 9 type III cases, and total hip replacement in all 7 type IV cases. The overall clinical and radiographic outcomes were evaluated using previously published criteria, focusing on the results in Pipkin type I fractures with relatively large fragments. RESULTS: Based on Epstein criteria, in type II fractures, excellent or good clinical results were seen in 6 of 10 patients (60.0 \%) treated by excision of the fragment and 12 of 14 patients (85.7 \%) treated by internal fixation (p = 0.05). Also, excellent or good radiologic results were seen in 4 of 10 (40.0 \%) patients treated by excision of the fragment and 12 of 14 (85.7 \%) patients treated by internal fixation (p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Even in Pipkin type I fractures, if the fragment is large (modified Pipkin type II), early reduction and internal fixation can produce good results. This article was published in J Orthop Sci and referenced in Journal of Surgery

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