alexa Clinical assessment of extracellular fluid volume in hyponatremia.
Surgery

Surgery

Medical & Surgical Urology

Author(s): Chung HM, Kluge R, Schrier RW, Anderson RJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Assessment of the status of extracellular fluid volume is important in evaluating the cause and selecting appropriate therapy for hyponatremic disorders. Since the sensitivity and specificity of clinical assessment of extracellular fluid volume status in hyponatremic states remain unknown, 58 non-edematous patients with serum sodium less than 130 meq/liter were prospectively evaluated. Patients were judged to be either normovolemic (no response of serum sodium to saline infusion) or hypovolemic (saline infusion significantly corrected hyponatremia). Hypovolemic patients had significantly higher plasma renin activity (5.0 +/- 1.5 versus 2.5 +/- 0.5 ng/ml per three hours, p less than 0.05) and norepinephrine (1,054 +/- 252 versus 519 +/- 55 pg/ml, p less than 0.05) concentrations than did normovolemic patients. Clinical assessment correctly identified only 47 percent of hypovolemic patients and 48 percent of normovolemic patients. Thus, clinical assessment was of limited sensitivity and specificity in identifying extracellular fluid volume status in these hyponatremic patients. However, the concentration of sodium in a spot urine sample clearly separated hypovolemic (mean UNa = 18.4 +/- 3.1 meq/liter) from normovolemic (mean UNa = 72 +/- 3.7 meq/liter, p less than 0.001) hyponatremic patients.
This article was published in Am J Med and referenced in Medical & Surgical Urology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords