Author(s): Oh TJ, Jung HS, Bae JH, Kim YG, Park KS,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract We investigated characteristics associated with the efficacy of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP4i) in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes. We reviewed medical records of 477 patients who had taken sitagliptin or vildagliptin longer than 40 weeks. Response to DPP4i was evaluated with HbA1c change after therapy (ΔHbA1c). The Student's t-test between good responders (GR: ΔHbA1c > 1.0\%) and poor responders (PR: ΔHbA1c < 0.5\%), a correlation analysis among clinical parameters, and a linear multivariate regression analysis were performed. The mean age was 60 yr, duration of diabetes 11 yr and HbA1c was 8.1\%. Baseline fasting plasma glucose (FPG), HbA1c, C-peptide, and creatinine were significantly higher in the GR compared to the PR. Duration of diabetes, FPG, HbA1c, C-peptide and creatinine were significantly correlated with ΔHbA1c. In the multivariate analysis, age (r(2) = 0.006), duration of diabetes (r(2) = 0.019), HbA1c (r(2) = 0.296), and creatinine levels (r(2) = 0.024) were independent predictors for the response to DPP4i. Body mass index and insulin resistance were not associated with the response to DPP4i. In conclusion, better response to DPP4i would be expected in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes who have higher baseline HbA1c and creatinine levels with shorter duration of diabetes.
This article was published in J Korean Med Sci
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism