Author(s): ElNaggar AelR, Abdalla MS, ElSebaey AS, Badawy SM
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: Exposure to organophosphate and carbamate insecticides inhibits cholinesterase activity and interferes with synaptic transmission both centrally and peripherally at muscarinic receptors and nicotinic receptors. The study reported the usefulness of plasma cholinesterase ChE activity assays for diagnosis and the management of organophosphate and carbamate toxicity in children. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on children with organophosphate and carbamate poisoning. Forty-seven patients were included. The diagnosis was confirmed by measuring plasma cholinesterase levels. Atropine was given intravenous (0.02 mg/kg) and repeated until secretions were controlled. Obidoxime chloride was administered as 4-8 mg/kg/dose for children with organophosphate poisoning and to those in whom the ingested material was unidentified on admission. DISCUSSION: Most of the patients showed marked reactivation in plasma ChE within several hours and recovered completely within 24 h of admission. Complications were observed in 17 patients (36\%). Mechanical ventilatory support was required in six patients. The duration intensive care stay was 3 +/- 2.4 days. CONCLUSION: Low plasma ChE levels support the diagnosis of insecticides poisoning, but no significant association is present between the severity of poisoning and plasma ChE levels. Atropine should be used as soon as possible to counteract the muscarinic effects. Appropriate management and early recognition of the complications may decrease the mortality rate.
This article was published in Eur J Pediatr
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports