Author(s): Ozbey I, Aksoy Y, Polat O, Atmaca AF, Demirel A, Ozbey I, Aksoy Y, Polat O, Atmaca AF, Demirel A
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Abstract This study reviews urinary hydatid disease in seven males and three females (mean age, 32.1 +/- 17.7 years; range, 7-67 years). Cysts were located in the kidney in six cases (one also involved the liver), the paravesical and retrovesical region in two cases (one coexisted with a bladder tumour), the adrenal gland (one case) and in the right parapelvic region (one case). Investigations included urinalysis, eosinophil count, Casoni skin test, indirect haemagglutination test (IHA), abdominal ultrasonography, intravenous urography and computed tomography (CT). All patients underwent surgery and were followed for an average of 5.6 years. Lumbar or abdominal pain was the most common symptom. Eosinophilia was seen in five patients (50\%), IHA positivity occurred in four patients (40\%) and the Casoni skin test was positive in four patients (40\%). Abdominal CT was the most useful diagnostic method of radiological investigation (100\%). No complications or recurrences were seen on follow-up. Urinary hydatid disease is uncommon and is likely to cause considerable diagnostic difficulties, and should therefore be considered in the differential diagnosis of space-occupying lesions of the urinary tract.
This article was published in J Int Med Res
and referenced in Tropical Medicine & Surgery