alexa Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of Tropical Diseases & Public Health

Author(s): Bern C

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Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), also known as kala-azar, black fever, and Dumdum fever, is primarily caused by Leishmania donovani and L. infantum (synonym L. chagasi) (table 1). Rarely, visceral disease has been reported in patients infected with leishmanial species usually associated with cutaneous disease, in particular, L. mexicana and L. tropica [1-4]. The major clinical manifestations caused by L. donovani and L. infantum are not generally distinguishable, and specialized techniques are needed to identify the species. However, treatment decisions for VL usually do not require species identification since they are based on disease severity, geographic origin, and the presence of HIV and other coinfections. Issues related to clinical manifestations and diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis will be reviewed here. Issues related to treatment of VL are discussed separately

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This article was published in Uptodate. and referenced in Journal of Tropical Diseases & Public Health

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