alexa Clinical pharmacokinetics of unbound docetaxel: role of polysorbate 80 and serum proteins.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Author(s): Loos WJ, Baker SD, Verweij J, Boonstra JG, Sparreboom A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to study the extent of docetaxel binding to plasma in the presence and absence of its excipient, polysorbate 80 (Tween 80; Imperial Chemical Industries PLC, London, United Kingdom), in vitro and to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of unbound docetaxel in vivo. METHODS: Equilibrium dialysis was used for determination of the fraction unbound (f(u)) docetaxel and was applied to study the pharmacokinetic behavior of unbound docetaxel in 23 patients with cancer receiving an intravenous infusion of the drug formulated in polysorbate 80 (Taxotere; Aventis Pharma SA, Vitry-sur-Seine Cedex, France). RESULTS: Polysorbate 80, added at clinically relevant concentrations (up to 1.0 microL/mL), increased f(u) in vitro by 13\% (7.84\% +/- 0.0752\% versus 6.95\% +/- 0.0678\%, P <.00001). Similarly, f(u) calculated on the basis of the observed area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) values [f(u)(AUC)] in vivo was 12\% higher than f(u) in pretreatment samples [f(u)(pre)] (6.00\% +/- 1.03\% versus 5.49\% +/- 1.01\%, P =.038). Of various serum proteins evaluated, only alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein was significantly related to f(u) (P <.0018), with higher f(u) in the presence of lower protein levels. Total docetaxel clearance was related to alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein (R(2) = 0.13, P =.058), f(u)(pre) (R(2) = 0.15, P =.039), and f(u)(AUC) (R(2) = 0.29, P =.0048). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that the plasma binding of docetaxel is influenced by both alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein and its formulation vehicle. Further investigation is required to resolve the potential clinical significance of these observations. This article was published in Clin Pharmacol Ther and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords