Author(s): Dhadke SV, Dhadke VN, Bangar SS, Korade MB
Abstract Share this page
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To study clinical presentation, hospital care and outcome of patients of Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS) and number of patients of respiratory failure and need for ventilators. To study efficacy of IVIg in patients of GBS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 40 patients of GBS studied in detail including history, clinical examination and investigations (Nerve conduction velocity and C.S.F. examination). All patients were watched for respiratory insufficiency and those who developed respiratory paralysis were given assisted mechanical ventilation. Patients were treated with IVIG and outcome was observed. Outcome of 2 groups of patients one treated with IVIg and other not treated with IVIg (supportive line of treatment) were compared. RESULTS: Commonest age group affected was 13-40 yrs. The male:female ratio was 1.5:1. Antecedent infection in form of fever, cough [11 patients], loose motions [10 patients] were present in 21 out of 40 patients. Quadriparesis was present in 39 patients and paraparesis in 1 patient. Cranial nerve involvement was seen in 25 out of 40 patients. Facial nerve was involved in 12 [30\%] patients and Glossopharyengeal, vagus nerves were involved in 12 [30\%] patients. Areflexia was found in all 40 patients. In CSF examination, albuminocytologic dissociation was present in 17 out of 26 patients. NCV findings show conduction velocity slowing, delayed f latencies in 90\% patients. Out of 40 patients, 13 [30\%] required mechanical ventilation. Out of 40 patients, 14 were treated with IVIg, 4 patients treated with plasmapheresis and 22 patients received only supportive treatment. Out of 40 patients 30 [75\%] patients recovered completely, 8 [20\%] patients died and 2 [5\%] patients developed severe neurologic deficit. CONCLUSION: GBS is more common in 13-40 yrs age group with male:female ratio of 1.5:1. Antecedent infection is seen in 55\% patients. Commonest presentation was paresthesia in legs and ascending paralysis. One third [32.5\%] patients developed respiratory paralysis and needed ventilatory support. Patients who received IVIg early in the course of disease had faster recovery as compared to patients who received only supportive line of treatment.
This article was published in J Assoc Physicians India
and referenced in Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology