Author(s): Ames PR, Batuca JR, Ciampa A, Iannaccone L, Delgado Alves J
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of nitrite (NO(2)(-)), nitrate (NO(3)(-)), and nitrative stress in thrombotic primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS). METHODS: We investigated 46 patients with PAPS: 21 asymptomatic but persistent carriers of antiphospholipid antibodies (PCaPL), 38 patients with inherited thrombophilia (IT), 33 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and 29 healthy controls (CTR). IgG anticardiolipin (aCL), IgG anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein I (anti-ß(2)-GPI), IgG anti-high density lipoprotein (aHDL), IgG anti-apolipoprotein A-I (aApoA-I), crude nitrotyrosine (NT) (an indicator of nitrative stress), and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured by immunoassays. Plasma nitrite (NO(2)(-)), nitrate (NO(3)(-)), and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were measured by colorimetric spectroscopic assays. RESULTS: Average plasma NO(2)(-) was lower in PAPS, PCaPL, and IT (p < 0.0001); average NO(3)(-) was highest in SLE (p < 0.0001), whereas average NT was higher in PAPS and SLE (p = 0.01). In thrombotic PAPS, IgG aCL titer and number of vascular occlusions negatively predicted NO(2)(-) (p = 0.03 and p = 0.001, respectively), whereas arterial occlusions and smoking positively predicted NO(3)(-) (p = 0.05 and p = 0.005), and CRP positively predicted NT (p = 0.004). In the PCaPL group IgG aCL negatively predicted NO(3)(-) (p = 0.03). In the SLE group IgG aCL negatively predicted NO(2)(-) (p = 0.03) and NO(3)(-) (p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: PAPS is characterized by decreased NO(2)(-) in relation to type and number of vascular occlusions and to aPL titers. Nitrative stress and low grade inflammation are linked phenomena in PAPS and may have implications for thrombosis and atherosclerosis.
This article was published in J Rheumatol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology