alexa Clinically significant, isolated metastatic disease to the thyroid gland.
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Author(s): Chen H, Nicol TL, Udelsman R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Despite being second only to the adrenal glands in terms of relative vascular perfusion, the thyroid gland is a rare site of metastatic disease; but when thyroid metastases occur, long-term survival has been reported to be dismal. To determine the incidence and management of isolated, metastatic disease to the thyroid, we reviewed our clinical experience. Between June 1986 and August 1994 ten patients underwent thyroidectomy for isolated, metastatic disease of nonthyroidal origin (mean +/- SD age 58 +/- 6 years, 30\% female). The primary tumors were renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) (n = 5), esophageal adenocarcinoma (n = 1), pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma (n = 1), gastric leiomyosarcoma (n = 1), lingual squamous cell carcinoma (n = 1), and parotid gland carcinoma (n = 1). Three patients underwent preoperative fine-needle aspiration (FNA), all of which were suggestive of metastatic disease. The mean time from resection of the primary tumor to thyroid metastases was 3.5 +/- 6.0 years (range 0-19.5 years). Total thyroidectomy (n = 5) or lobectomy (n = 5) was performed without morbidity or mortality. After a median follow-up of 5.2 years six patients are alive and two are free of disease. Moreover, no patients have had recurrent disease in the neck. Thus carcinomas metastatic to the thyroid represent a rare cause of clinically significant thyroid disease, with RCCs comprising 50\%. Most thyroid metastases (80\%) present within 3 years of primary tumor resection, but with RCC they can occur as late as 19 years. The diagnosis of metastatic disease should be suspected in patients with even a remote history of cancer, especially RCC, and an FNA revealing clear cell or spindle cell carcinoma. Contrary to previous reports, long-term survival can be achieved after resection of the metastatic tumor. Furthermore, thyroidectomy may also palliate/prevent the potential morbidity of tumor recurrence in the neck.
This article was published in World J Surg and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Global Experts meeting on Oncology Case Reports
    Aug 29-31, 2017 London, UK
  • Global Experts Meeting on Case Reports
    Osaka, Japan October 09-11, 2017
  • 6th Global Experts Meeting on Medical Case Reports
    October 16-18, 2017 San Francisco, California, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords