Author(s): Ford CM, Boss PK, Hoj PB
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Abstract We report here the cloning and optimized expression at 16 degrees C and the characterization of a Vitis vinifera UDP-glucose:flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase, an enzyme responsible for a late step in grapevine anthocyanin biosynthesis. The properties of this and other UDP-glucose:flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferases, homologues of the product encoded by the maize Bronze-1 locus, are a matter of conjecture. The availability of a purified recombinant enzyme allowed for the unambiguous determination of the characteristics of a flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase. Kinetic analyses showed that kcat for glucosylation of cyanidin, an anthocyanidin substrate, is 48 times higher than for glucosylation of the flavonol quercetin, whereas Km values are similar for both substrates. Activity toward other classes of substrates is absent. Cu2+ ions strongly inhibit the action of this and other glucosyltransferases; however, we suggest that this phenomenon in large part is due to Cu2+-mediated substrate degradation rather than inhibition of the enzyme. Additional lines of complementary biochemical data also indicated that in the case of V. vinifera, the principal, if not only, role of UDP-glucose:flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferases is to glucosylate anthocyanidins in red fruit during ripening. Other glucosyltransferases with a much higher relative activity toward quercetin are suggested to glucosylate flavonols in a distinct spatial and temporal pattern. It should be considered whether gene products homologous to Bronze-1 in some cases more accurately should be referred to as UDP-glucose:anthocyanidin 3-O-glucosyltransferases.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials