Author(s): Rubin DA, Dores RM
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Abstract Growth hormone (GH), prolactin, and their relatives constitute a multigene family which is considered to have evolved from a common ancestor. The structural and functional domains of GH appear to be highly conserved among vertebrates. In order to investigate the phylogenetic relationships among GHs in the Actinopterygii and Sarcopterygii, we have cloned and sequenced GH from the pituitary of the primitive bony fish, Amia calva. Bony fishes (teleosts) and Amia (Halecomorphi) are purported sister-groups within the Neoptergii, hence studies on this perspective group of fish can provide insights into the evolution of GH. The deduced amino acid (aa) sequence from A. calva GH (amGH) cDNA revealed that the mature GH consists of 190 residues. Phylogenetic comparisons with GH aa sequences from blue shark, sturgeon, four teleosts (eel, carp, porgy, flounder), and two sarcopterygians (African lungfish and bullfrog) indicated, in the most parsimonious cladogram, that amGH clusters as the sister-group to the teleosts, that sturgeon is the sister-group to the Neopterygii, and that the African lungfish and bullfrog are in the same clade.
This article was published in Gen Comp Endocrinol
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development