alexa Cloning of apoB intrabodies: specific knockdown of apoB in HepG2 cells.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cell Science & Therapy

Author(s): Liao W, Strube RW, Milne RW, Chen SY, Chan L

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Abstract Apolipoprotein (apo) B is essential for the assembly and secretion of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins made by the liver. As the sole protein component in LDL, apoB is an important determinant of atherosclerosis susceptibility and a potential pharmaceutical target. Single-chain antibodies (sFvs) are the smallest fragment of an IgG molecule capable of maintaining the antigen binding specificity of the parental antibody. In the present study, we describe the cloning and construction of two intracellular antibodies (intrabodies) to human apoB. We targeted these intrabodies to the endoplasmic reticulum for the purpose of retaining nascent apoB within the ER, thereby preventing its secretion. Expression of the 1D1 intrabody in the apoB-secreting human hepatoma cell line HepG2 resulted in marked reduction of apoB secretion. This study demonstrates the utility of an intrabody to specifically block the secretion of a protein determinant of plasma LDL as a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of hyperlipidemia.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy

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