Author(s): Malone CS, Miner MD, Doerr JR, Jackson JP, Jacobsen SE, , Malone CS, Miner MD, Doerr JR, Jackson JP, Jacobsen SE,
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Abstract DNA methylation has been linked to gene silencing in cancer. Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and myeloma are lymphoid malignancies that arise from terminally differentiated B cells. Interestingly, PEL do not express immunoglobulins or most B lineage-specific genes. The B cell-specific B29 (Igbeta/CD79b) gene is silenced in PEL and some myelomas but is expressed in other normal and malignant B cells. B29 expression was reactivated in PEL by demethylating and histone deacetylase inhibiting treatments. Bisulfite sequencing revealed two types of DNA methylation in silenced B29 promoters: at conventional CpG and at CC(A/T)GG B29 promoter sites. The pattern of methylated CpG ((m)CpG) and C(m)C(A/T)GG B29 promoter methylation observed was similar to that recently reported for epigenetic silencing of an integrated retrovirus. Methylation of C(m)C(A/T)GG sites in the B29 promoter significantly repressed in vivo transcriptional activity. Also, methylation of a central conserved C(m)CTGG B29 promoter site blocked the binding of early B cell factor. This methylated motif formed DNA-protein complexes with nuclear extracts from all cell types examined. Therefore, C(m)C(A/T)GG methylation may represent an important type of epigenetic marker on mammalian DNA that impacts transcription by altering DNA-protein complex formation.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Cloning & Transgenesis