Author(s): Selladurai BM, Vickneswaran M, Duraisamy S, Atan M
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Abstract The aim of this investigation was to determine the prognostic value of coagulation abnormalities in a defined subset of patients with acute head injury. Prothrombin time, accelerated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin clotting time, fibrinogen assay, platelet count, fibrin degradation products (FDP) were assayed in 204 patients with acute closed head injury. Their values were graded on a score 0-3 and the sum score for each patient regarded as the disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) score. Moderate to severe DIC scores were evident in 38\% of the cohort. At least one parameter was abnormal in 71\% of patients. The DIC score correlated inversely with the Glasgow coma score (GCS) (p < 0.0001). In the GCS 13-15 subset, FDP scores were significant predictors of poor outcome (p < 0.001). In the GCS 6-12 subset, the APTT score (p < 0.001), and DIC score (p < 0.0001) predicted an adverse outcome. The DIC scores were significantly abnormal in most patients who had a poor outcome, without evidence of adverse predictors on CT. Logistic regression analysis confirmed the independent predictive capacity of APTT, FDP and DIC scores when values for GCS were fixed. Abnormal haemostatic parameters may enhance the predictive ability in subsets of patients with acute head injury defined by clinical or CT predictors.
This article was published in Br J Neurosurg
and referenced in Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology