Author(s): Saito H, Kawagishi A, Tanaka M, Tanimoto T, Okada S,
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Abstract Lipid emulsions, triacylglycerol droplets covered with single surface monolayers of phospholipid in aqueous medium, were prepared by high-pressure emulsification and successive ultracentrifugation. Egg yolk phosphatidylethanolamine did not stabilize triolein (TO) droplets in aqueous medium. Phosphatidylcholine (PC) of various long fatty acyl chains dispersed TO and tricaprylin (TC) well in aqueous medium as emulsion droplets of 110 nm. After ultracentrifugation, however, oil separation was observed in the floating creamy layer of TO/dioleoyl-PC emulsions. Dioleoyl-PC contains two bulky unsaturated fatty acyl chains, as well as oleoyl chains, and it has a lower spontaneous curvature than egg PC. Egg PC and dipalmitoyl-PC gave stably dispersed emulsion droplets of TO even after the freeze-thawing (F-T) procedure. On the other hand, TO/egg PC emulsion droplets containing cholesterol of 83 mol\% PC and TC/egg PC emulsion droplets coalesced after the F-T procedure. Cholesterol and a medium chain triacylglycerol, TC, were distributed into the surface PC monolayers and occupied an appreciable fraction of the surface area. These neutral lipids have small polar groups and thus decrease the mean spontaneous curvature of surface lipids. The relationship between the droplet coalescence and the spontaneous curvature was discussed on the basis of the coalescence transition state theory recently developed by Kabalnov et al. in 1996. In addition, effects of maltose on the emulsion coalescence in the freeze state were briefly discussed. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.
This article was published in J Colloid Interface Sci
and referenced in Medicinal & Aromatic Plants