alexa Cocaine activates the renin-angiotensin system in pregnant rabbits and alters the response to ischemia.


Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Author(s): Hargrave B, Lattanzio F

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine (1) if the acute in vivo administration of cocaine and the cocaine metabolite ecgonine methyl ester (EME) activates the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and alters cardiovascular function during pregnancy and (2) whether heart function is decreased in rabbits chronically exposed to cocaine or EME in vivo. The acute in vivo effects on plasma renin activity (PRA) were examined when cocaine (2 mg/kg) or EME (2 mg/kg) was administered intravenously. Arterial blood samples were withdrawn for hormonal analysis. Arterial pressure was measured using a COBE CDX III transducer and a Micro-Med 100 blood pressure analyzer. Hematocrit was measured using a microcapillary technique and serum protein was analyzed using refractometry. In chronic cocaine and EME studies, cardiovascular function was monitored in rabbits that were chronically exposed to cocaine or EME via Alzet osmotic pumps (1.66 microg/h for 14 d) implanted subcutaneously. On d 14, the animal was euthanized, and the heart was removed and exposed to 15 min of global ischemia using the Langendorff method. Coronary flow and left ventricular pressure (LVP) were assessed. The acute administration of cocaine or EME increased PRA and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in pregnant rabbits within 5 min. Coronary flow and LVP were significantly lower in the cocaine and EME-treated rabbits than in vehicle female rabbits.
This article was published in Cardiovasc Toxicol and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version