alexa Cocoa procyanidins attenuate 4-hydroxynonenal-induced apoptosis of PC12 cells by directly inhibiting mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4 activity
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Cho ES, Jang YJ, Kang NJ, Hwang MK

Abstract Share this page

Neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) are associated with oxidative stress, and it has been suggested that apoptosis is a crucial pathway in neuronal cell death in AD patients. 4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE), one of the aldehydic products of membrane lipid peroxidation, is reported to be elevated in the brains of AD patients and mediates the induction of neuronal apoptosis in the presence of oxidative stress. In this study, we investigated the HNE-induced apoptosis mechanism and the protective effects of the cocoa procyanidin fraction (CPF) and its major antioxidant procyanidin B2 against the apoptosis induced by HNE in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. HNE-induced nuclear condensation and increased sub-G1 fraction, both of which are markers of apoptotic cell death, were inhibited by CPF and procyanidin B2. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation was attenuated by pretreatment with CPF and procyanidin B2. CPF and procyanidin B2 also prevented HNE-induced poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage, antiapoptotic protein (Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L)) down-regulation, and caspase-3 activation. Activation of c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK) and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4 (MKK4) was attenuated by CPF and procyanidin B2. Moreover, CPF and procyanidin B2 bound directly to MKK4 and inhibited its activity. Data obtained with SP600125, a selective inhibitor of JNK, revealed that JNK is involved in HNE-induced apoptosis through the inhibition of PARP cleavage and caspase-3 activation in PC12 cells. Collectively, these results indicate that CPF and procyanidin B2 protect PC12 cells against HNE-induced apoptosis by blocking MKK4 activity as well as ROS accumulation.

This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med and referenced in Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords