alexa Co-crystal structure of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1a at 2.3 A resolution.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology

Author(s): Prraga A, Bellsolell L, FerrDAmar AR, Burley SK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: The sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) are helix-loop-helix transcriptional activators that control expression of genes encoding proteins essential for cholesterol biosynthesis/uptake and fatty acid biosynthesis. Unlike helix-loop-helix proteins that recognize symmetric E-boxes (5'-CANNTG-3'), the SREBPs have a tyrosine instead of a conserved arginine in their basic regions. This difference allows recognition of an asymmetric sterol regulatory element (StRE, 5'-ATCACCCAC-3'). RESULTS: The 2.3 A resolution co-crystal structure of the DNA-binding portion of SREBP-1a bound to an StRE reveals a quasi-symmetric homodimer with an asymmetric DNA-protein interface. One monomer binds the E-box half site of the StRE (5'-ATCAC-3') using sidechain-base contacts typical of other helix-loop-helix proteins. The non-E-box half site (5'-GTGGG-3') is recognized through entirely different protein-DNA contacts. CONCLUSIONS: Although the SREBPs are structurally similar to the E-box-binding helix-loop-helix proteins, the Arg-->Tyr substitution yields dramatically different DNA-binding properties that explain how they recognize StREs and regulate expression of genes important for membrane biosynthesis.
This article was published in Structure and referenced in Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords