alexa Coeliac autoantibodies can enhance transamidating and inhibit GTPase activity of tissue transglutaminase: dependence on reaction environment and enzyme fitness.
Immunology

Immunology

Immunome Research

Author(s): Kirly R, Vecsei Z, Demnyi T, KorponaySzab IR, Fss L

Abstract Share this page

Modification of the enzymatic functions of tissue transglutaminase (TG2) by anti-TG2 autoantibodies may play a role in manifestations of coeliac disease. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of coeliac autoantibodies on reactions catalysed by TG2 by a systematic biochemical approach, and in relation to observed clinical presentation type. Coeliac antibodies did not have significant inhibitory effect on transamidation/deamidation activity of TG2 as measured by amine-incorporation into solid and immobilised casein and by ultraviolet kinetic assay. In contrast, immunoglobulins from patients with severe malabsorption enhanced the reaction velocity to 105.4-242.2%. This activating effect was dose-dependent, most pronounced with immobilised glutamine-acceptor substrates, and correlated inversely with the basal specific activity of the enzyme and with dietary treatment. A similar activation could be demonstrated also with the TG2-specific fraction of autoantibodies and in transamidation activity assays which use fibronectin-bound TG2 and thereby mimic in vivo conditions. These results suggest that coeliac antibodies may stabilise the enzyme in a catalytically advantageous conformation. GTPase activity of TG2 decreased to 67.0-73.4% in the presence of antibodies raising the possibility that inhibition of GTPase activity may affect cellular signalling in case coeliac autoantibodies would reach intracellular compartments.

This article was published in J Autoimmun and referenced in Immunome Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords