alexa Cognitive Function in Young Persons With and Without Perinatal HIV in the AALPHI Cohort in England: Role of Non-HIV-Related Factors.
Business & Management

Business & Management

Business and Economics Journal

Author(s): Judd A, Le Prevost M, Melvin D, ArenasPinto A, Parrott F,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence about the cognitive performance of older adolescents with perinatally acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) compared with HIV-negative (HIV-) adolescents. METHODS: A total of 296 perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) and 97 HIV- adolescents (aged 12-21 and 13-23 years, respectively) completed 12 tests covering 6 cognitive domains. The HIV- participants had PHIV+ siblings and/or an HIV-infected mother. Domain-specific and overall (NPZ-6) z scores were calculated for PHIV+ participants, with or without Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stage C disease, and HIV- participants. Linear regression was performed to explore predictors of NPZ-6. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-five (42\%) of the PHIV+ and 31 (32\%) of the HIV- participants were male; 251 (85\%) and 69 (71\%), respectively, were black African; and their median ages (interquartile range) were 16 (15-18) and 16 (14-18) years, respectively. In PHIV+ participants, 247 (86\%) were receiving antiretroviral therapy, and 76 (26\%) had a previous CDC C diagnosis. The mean (standard deviation) NPZ-6 score was -0.81 (0.99) in PHIV+ participants with a CDC C diagnosis (PHIV+/C), -0.45 (0.80) in those without a CDC C diagnosis (PHIV+/no C), and -0.32 (0.76) in HIV- participants (P < .001). After adjustment, there was no difference in NPZ-6 scores between PHIV+/no C and HIV- participants (adjusted coefficient, -0.01; 95\% confidence interval, -.22 to .20). PHIV+/C participants scored below the HIV- group (adjusted coefficient, -0.44; -.70 to -.19). Older age predicted higher NPZ-6 scores, and black African ethnicity and worse depression predicted lower NPZ-6 scores. In a sensitivity analysis including PHIV+ participants only, no HIV-related factors apart from a CDC C diagnosis were associated with NPZ-6 scores. CONCLUSIONS: Cognitive performance was similar between PHIV+/no C and HIV- participants and indicated relatively mild impairment compared with normative data. The true impact on day-to-day functioning needs further investigation. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, e-mail [email protected] This article was published in Clin Infect Dis and referenced in Business and Economics Journal

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