alexa Cognitive memory screening and referral program in community pharmacies in the United States.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Author(s): Rickles NM, Skelton JB, Davis J, Hopson J

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Abstract INTRODUCTION: 12 chain community pharmacy sites located in two geographic areas with the United States implemented easy-to-administer memory screening assessments for patients with risk factors of cognitive memory decline and referred at-risk patients to their physicians. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the impact of a pharmacy-based cognitive memory screening and referral program, measure patient satisfaction with these advanced clinical services, and assess willingness to pay for cognitive memory screening services. SETTING: 12 chain pharmacy sites located in two geographic areas--ten Fred Meyer Pharmacies located in the Portland, Oregon area and two Kerr Drug Pharmacies located in North Carolina. METHOD: Pharmacists were educated on Alzheimer's disease, trained on how to provide cognitive memory screening exams, and equipped with screening and documentation tools. Following each screening, pharmacist provided education and counseling to the patients and referred at-risk patients to physicians for follow-up as appropriate. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Results of screenings; satisfaction of patients; willingness to pay. RESULTS: Pharmacists delivered cognitive memory assessments to 161 patients from June to November 2008. 44.1 \% of patients experienced at least one cognitive deficiency that required referral to a physician based on the screening conducted. The cognitive memory screening and referral program was highly regarded by patients who completed the satisfaction survey, with 98.4 \% of respondents indicating that they were either very satisfied or satisfied with the program. CONCLUSION: Cognitive memory screening can be easily incorporated into clinical service offerings in community pharmacy practice and provides a valuable opportunity to identify patients at-risk and refer them to a physician for appropriate testing and diagnosis.
This article was published in Int J Clin Pharm and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

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