alexa Colitis-inducing potency of CD4+ T cells in immunodeficient, adoptive hosts depends on their state of activation, IL-12 responsiveness, and CD45RB surface phenotype.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Claesson MH, Bregenholt S, Bonhagen K, Thoma S, Mller P, , Claesson MH, Bregenholt S, Bonhagen K, Thoma S, Mller P,

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Abstract We studied the induction, severity and rate of progression of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) induced in SCID mice by the adoptive transfer of low numbers of the following purified BALB/c CD4+ T cell subsets: 1) unfractionated, peripheral, small (resting), or large (activated) CD4+ T cells; 2) fractionated, peripheral, small, or large, CD45RBhigh or CD45RBlow CD4+ T cells; and 3) peripheral IL-12-unresponsive CD4+ T cells from STAT-4-deficient mice. The adoptive transfer into SCID host of comparable numbers of CD4+ T cells was used to assess the colitis-inducing potency of these subsets. Small CD45RBhigh CD4+ T lymphocytes and activated CD4+ T blasts induced early (6-12 wk posttransfer) and severe disease, while small resting and unfractionated CD4+ T cells or CD45RBlow T lymphocytes induced a late-onset disease 12-16 wk posttransfer. SCID mice transplanted with STAT-4-/- CD4+ T cells showed a late-onset IBD manifest > 20 wk posttransfer. In SCID mice with IBD transplanted with IL-12-responsive CD4+ T cells, the colonic lamina propria CD4+ T cells showed a mucosa-seeking memory/effector CD45RBlow Th1 phenotype abundantly producing IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha. In SCID mice transplanted with IL-12-unresponsive STAT-4-/- CD4+ T cells, the colonic lamina propria, mesenteric lymph node, and splenic CD4+ T cells produced very little IFN-gamma but abundant levels of TNF-alpha. The histopathologic appearance of colitis in all transplanted SCID mice was similar. These data indicate that CD45RBhigh and CD45RBlow, IL-12-responsive and IL-12-unresponsive CD4+ T lymphocytes and lymphoblasts have IBD-inducing potential though of varying potency.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

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