Author(s): Isono S, Saeki N, Tanaka A, Nishino T
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Abstract Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), either central or obstructive in nature, is common in patients with acromegaly. However, no study has systematically examined the collapsibility of the pharynx in acromegaly to date. We evaluated intrinsic mechanical properties of passive pharynx in 10 anesthetized and paralyzed patients with active acromegaly before transsphenoidal adenomectomy for their pituitary adenoma. Static pressure-area relationships of the velopharynx and oropharynx were obtained by step changes in airway pressure during endoscopic cross-sectional area measurement of each segment. Moreover, curve fitting analysis by an exponential function estimated the closing pressure (P'close) of each segment. Preoperative nocturnal oximetry identified five acromegalic patients with an oxygen desaturation index (ODI) greater than 10 h-1 and clinical symptoms suggesting presence of SDB. The pharyngeal airway of all five acromegalic patients with SDB was highly collapsible at both velopharynx and oropharynx with positive P'close. Compared with age-, body mass index (BMI)-, and ODI-matched SDB patients without acromegaly, SDB patients with acromegaly had a higher P'close of the oropharynx, indicating that the etiology of SDB in acromegaly appears to differ from that of ordinary sleep apnea. Our results suggest that anatomic abnormality, especially at the base of the tongue, appears to play a significant role in development of SDB in acromegaly.
This article was published in Am J Respir Crit Care Med
and referenced in Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy