Author(s): Thomas JD, Sideras P, Smith CI, Vorechovsk I, Chapman V,
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Abstract Mice that bear the X-linked immunodeficiency (xid) mutation have a B lymphocyte-specific defect resulting in an inability to make antibody responses to polysaccharide antigens. A backcross of 1114 progeny revealed the colocalization of xid with Bruton's agammaglobulinemia tyrosine kinase (btk) gene, which is implicated in the human immune deficiency, X-linked agammaglobulinemia. Mice that carry xid have a missense mutation that alters a highly conserved arginine near the amino-terminus of the btk protein, Btk. Because this region of Btk lies outside any obvious kinase domain, the xid mutation may define another aspect of tyrosine kinase function.
This article was published in Science
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology