Author(s): elBrashy AM, elAshry SM
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Abstract Two methods are proposed for the determination of isoniazid in pure form or in tablets. In the first method chlorpromazine hydrochloride, when treated with 2-iodoxybenzoic acid as an oxidant in 50\% w/v o-phosphoric acid solution, is oxidized to chlorpromazine free radical which absorbs at 530 nm. The red free radical is readily reduced quantitatively by isoniazid to the colourless chloropromazine. The addition of isoniazid to a red solution of chlorpromazine free radical results in a decrease in absorbance in direct proportion to the quantity of isoniazid. This forms the basis for the quantitative determination of micro-quantities of isoniazid (3-18 micrograms ml-1). The second method involves the titrimetric determination of isoniazid using N-bromophthalimide as a titrant. The end-point is determined either directly using methyl red or amaranth as indicator, or by a back titration method in which a known excess of N-bromophthalimide solution is added to isoniazid solution and then the residual unreacted reagent is determined iodometrically. The results by the proposed procedures were in good agreement with those obtained by the official methods.
This article was published in J Pharm Biomed Anal
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta