Author(s): Satake M, Nagahiro T, Puri BK
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Abstract A solid ion-pair compound produced from sodium 1,2-dihydroxybenzene-3,5-disulphonic acid (Tiron) and tetradecyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride(TDBA) supported on naphthalene in a simple glass-tipped funnel tube provides a simple adsorbent system for preconcentrating titanium from some alloys. Titanium reacts with Tiron to form a water-soluble coloured chelate anion which in turn forms a water-insoluble stable titanium/Tiron/TDBA complex with the ion-pair on the surface of naphthalene packed in a column. Titanium is quantitatively retained on the naphthalene in the presence of L-ascorbic acid and oxalic acid in the pH range 3.0-4.5 and at a flow-rate of 1 mil/min. The metal complex and naphthalene were dissolved from the column with 5 ml of dimethylformamide(DMF), and the absorbance of the solution was measured at 398 nm. A calibration graph was linear over the range 1-18 mug of titanium in 5 ml of the final DMF solution. The complex has a molar absorptivity of 1.39 x 10(4) l.mole(-1).cm(-1) and a sensitivity of 3.44 x 10(-3) mug/cm(2) for 0.001 absorbance. Eight replicate determinations for a sample containing 12 mug of titanium gave a mean absorbance of 0.697 with a relative standard deviation of 0.82\%. The interference of various ions was studied and optimum conditions were developed for the determination of titanium in various aluminium and zinc alloys.
This article was published in Talanta
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques