Author(s): Kieran N, Wang X, Perkins J, Davis C, Kendrick E,
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Abstract The histologic associations and clinical implications of peritubular capillary C4d staining from long-term renal allografts are unknown. We identified 99 renal transplant patients who underwent an allograft biopsy for renal dysfunction at least 10 yr after transplantation, 25 of whom were C4d-positive and 74 of whom were C4d-negative. The average time of the index biopsy from transplantation was 14 yr in both groups. Compared with C4d-negative patients, C4d-positive patients were younger at transplantation (29 +/- 13 versus 38 +/- 12 yr; P < 0.05) and were more likely to have received an allograft from a living donor (65 versus 35\%; P < 0.001). C4d-positive patients had more inflammation, were more likely to have transplant glomerulopathy, and had worse graft outcome. The combined presence of C4d positivity, transplant glomerulopathy, and serum creatinine of >2.3 mg/dl at biopsy were very strong predictors of rapid graft loss. C4d alone did not independently predict graft loss. Retrospective staining of historical samples from C4d-positive patients demonstrated C4d deposition in the majority of cases. In summary, these data show that in long-term renal allografts, peritubular capillary staining for C4d occurs in approximately 25\% of biopsies, can persist for many years after transplantation, and strongly predicts graft loss when combined with transplant glomerulopathy.
This article was published in J Am Soc Nephrol
and referenced in Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research