Author(s): Travagli JP, Cailleux AF, Ricard M, Baudin E, Caillou B,
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Abstract To improve the completeness of surgical excision of persistent or recurrent differentiated thyroid carcinoma, the following protocol was used for the treatment of 54 patients with functioning lymph node metastases: administration of 3.7 gigabecquerels (100 mCi) 131I; total body scintigraphy (TBS) on day 4; surgery on day 5, using an intraoperative probe (Gammed 2, Eurorad); and postoperative TBS with the remaining 131I activity on day 7. The 54 patients (35 women and 19 men presenting 47 papillary carcinomas, 2 well differentiated follicular carcinomas, and 5 poorly differentiated follicular carcinomas) had already undergone surgery for differentiated thyroid carcinoma: total thyroidectomy (51 patients) or lobectomy with isthmusectomy (3 patients), with lymph node dissection in 33. One to 7 131I treatments were performed before inclusion. Preoperative 131I-TBS with a high dose of 131I allowed accurate localization of previously suspected neoplastic foci and detection of yet unknown foci in 56\%; it was the most sensitive tool for localizing neoplastic foci. The use of an intraoperative probe was considered decisive in 20 patients, as neoplastic foci were found inside sclerosis due to previous surgery (n = 9), at unusual sites behind vessels or in the mediastinum (n = 10), or both (n = 1). In 26 patients, it facilitated the preoperative detection of foci with 131I uptake already depicted at preoperative 131I-TBS. In all 46 patients, the completeness of excision was demonstrated by both the probe and the postoperative 131I-TBS and was confirmed during follow-up. Of note, lymph node metastases undetected by 131I-TBS or by the probe were found in 14 patients at histological examination. This clearly shows that en block dissection is the only recommended procedure. In four patients, no neoplastic foci were found and in four patients, uptake was either due to the thymus (in two) or to the salivary glands (in two).
This article was published in J Clin Endocrinol Metab
and referenced in Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy
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