Author(s): Moratto D, Gulino AV, Fontana S, Mori L, Pirovano S,
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Abstract Common variable immunodeficiency disease (CVID) is a primary immune disorder affecting B cells and characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia and recurrent infections. To elucidate the clinical and immunological heterogeneity of this condition, we have studied B and T cell subsets in 25 CVID patients. In eleven of them, we observed a remarkable relative expansion of a B cell subpopulation (CD19(hi)/CD21(lo) cells) characterized by the absence of CD23 and the reduced expression of the chemokine receptors CXCR5 and CCR7. Our analyses demonstrated in these patients that the expansion of CD19(hi)/CD21(lo) cells correlates with a selective decrease of circulating naïve and CD21(hi) memory B lymphocytes. The same group of patients displayed a simultaneous severe reduction of naïve CD4+ T cells associated with decreased levels of T cell receptor excision circles. These observations suggest that a combined defect in generation of B and T subpopulations may account for the abnormal immunophenotype characterizing this subgroup of CVID patients.
This article was published in Clin Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology