alexa Comorbidity of intellectual disability and mental disorder in children and adolescents: a systematic review.


Journal of Mental Disorders and Treatment

Author(s): Einfeld SL, Ellis LA, Emerson E

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Mental disorder and intellectual disability each accounts for substantial burden of disease. However, the extent of this co-occurrence varies substantially between reports. We sought to determine whether studies in children and/or adolescents with acceptably rigorous methods can be distinguished from existing reports, and whether key risk factors could be ascertained. METHOD: Published studies investigating the prevalence of mental disorders in children and/or adolescents with intellectual disability were reviewed. RESULTS: Nine studies with acceptable methods were identified, 4 which compared the prevalence of mental disorder in populations of those with and without intellectual disability, and a further 5 studies that estimated the rates of mental disorder in those with intellectual disability were identified. Collectively, these studies demonstrate rates of comorbidity for children and adolescents between 30 and 50\% with a relative risk of mental disorder associated with intellectual disability ranging from 2.8-4.5. The risks for this comorbidity associated with age, gender, severity of intellectual disability, and socioeconomic status remain uncertain. CONCLUSIONS: Appreciation of this comorbidity needs to be a fundamental component of both mental health and intellectual disability services. © 2011 Australasian Society for Intellectual Disability, Inc. This article was published in J Intellect Dev Disabil and referenced in Journal of Mental Disorders and Treatment

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version