Author(s): Ong T, Whong WZ, Stewart JD, Brockman HE
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Abstract Using the Ames Salmonella/microsome assay, we compared the antimutagenic activities of chlorophyllin, retinol, beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E against solvent extracts of coal dust, diesel emission particles, airborne particles, fried beef, and tobacco snuff. The results show that chlorophyllin inhibited 69\% of the mutagenic activity of tobacco snuff and over 90\% of that of the other 4 complex mixtures. Retinol inhibited 29-48\% of the mutagenic activity of all 5 complex mixtures. beta-Carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E inhibited, if any, less than 39\% of the activity of the complex mixtures studied. Vitamin C enhanced the mutagenicity of airborne particles. These results indicate that for these dietary and environmental complex mixtures chlorophyllin is a more effective antimutagen than retinol, beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E.
This article was published in Mutat Res
and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology