Author(s): Napirei M, Wulf S, Eulitz D, Mannherz HG, Kloeckl T
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Deoxyribonuclease 1 (DNASE1, DNase I) and deoxyribonuclease 1-like 3 (DNASE1L3, DNase gamma, DNase Y, LS-DNase) are members of a DNASE1 protein family that is defined by similar biochemical properties such as Ca2+/Mg2+-dependency and an optimal pH of about 7.0 as well as by a high similarity in their nucleic acid and amino acid sequences. In the present study we describe the recombinant expression of rat Dnase1 and murine Dnase1l3 as fusion proteins tagged by their C-terminus to green fluorescent protein in NIH-3T3 fibroblasts and bovine lens epithelial cells. Both enzymes were translocated into the rough endoplasmic reticulum, transported along the entire secretory pathway and finally secreted into the cell culture medium. No nuclear occurrence of the nucleases was detectable. However, deletion of the N-terminal signal peptide of both nucleases resulted in a cytoplasmic and nuclear distribution of both fusion proteins. Dnase1 preferentially hydrolysed 'naked' plasmid DNA, whereas Dnase1l3 cleaved nuclear DNA with high activity. Dnase1l3 was able to cleave chromatin in an internucleosomal manner without proteolytic help. By contrast, Dnase1 was only able to achieve this cleavage pattern in the presence of proteases that hydrolysed chromatin-bound proteins. Detailed analysis of murine sera derived from Dnase1 knockout mice revealed that serum contains, besides the major serum nuclease Dnase1, an additional Dnase1l3-like nucleolytic activity, which, in co-operation with Dnase1, might help to suppress anti-DNA autoimmunity by degrading nuclear chromatin released from dying cells.
This article was published in Biochem J
and referenced in Biology and Medicine