alexa Comparative effects of Stevia rebaudiana leaves and stevioside on glycaemia and hepatic gluconeogenesis
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Edilene Bega Ferreira, Francisco de Assis Rocha Neves, Marlom Anselmo Duarte da Costa, Wilson Alves do Prado, Letcia de Arajo Funari Fer, Roberto Barbosa Bazotte

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The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of the oral treatment (gavage) with Stevia rebaudiana (Bert.) Bertoni (SRB) and stevioside (STV) on glycaemia and gluconeogenesis of 15-h fasted rats. For this purpose, the rats received SRB (20 mg/kg x day), STV (5.5 mg/kg x day) or an equal volume of water (controls) during 15 days. To measure hepatic gluconeogenesis, liver perfusion and isolated hepatocytes were used. Glycaemia and gluconeogenesis from L-alanine (5 mM), L-glutamine (5 mM) and L-lactate (2 mM) were decreased (P < 0.05) after pre-treatment with SRB. However, the treatment with STV did not influence glycaemia and gluconeogenesis. Moreover, to get further information about the mechanism by which SRB leaves inhibit gluconeogenesis their potential role as a PPARgamma agonist was investigated. The data showed absence of activation of PPARgamma receptors. In summary, our results showed that the reduction of glycaemia promoted by the treatment with SRB leaves was mediated, at least in part, by an inhibition of hepatic gluconeogenesis. However, this effect did not involve stevioside and the activation of PPARgamma receptors.

This article was published in Planta Med and referenced in Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy

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