Author(s): MunozDvila MJ, Yage G, Albert M, GarcaLucas T
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Abstract The performance of Vitek 2 was evaluated for the identification and susceptibility testing of Gram-negative bacilli directly from positive blood cultures bottles. Direct inoculation of the positive blood cultures with the Vitek cards ID-GN and AST-NO58 was compared with the standard inoculation method based on the sub-culture of the positive blood culture to agar. A total of 142 blood cultures were included in the study; of those, 119 were from patients' clinical samples, while 23 were artificially prepared with strains showing different mechanisms of resistance. A total of 136 (95.8\%) strains were correctly identified to the species level, only 2 (1.4\%) were mis-identified and 4 (2.8\%) were not identified. Susceptibility results were available for all isolates tested against 17 antibiotics, thus, resulting in a total of 2,414 isolate/anti-microbial combinations. The error rate was 2.8\% (67/2,414) overall; 0.6\% (14/2,414) very major errors, 0.1\% (3/2,414) major errors and 2.1\% (50/2,414) minor errors. The direct method detected 88.5\% (22/25) of the strains producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs). The susceptibility agreement among the added strains with ESBL, AMPc hyperproduction, resistance to ceftazidime, carbapenems and cefepime was very high. Direct identification and susceptibility testing gave rapid and reliable results, reducing by 24 h the turnaround time of the microbiology laboratory.
This article was published in Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis
and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology