Author(s): FalkPetersen IB
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Abstract The basic developmental mechanisms of teleosts are similar, but there are differences with respect to the timing of developmental events. These events are controlled by genetic and environmental factors. Direct comparisons of organogenesis are complicated due to large variations in egg sizes and incubation temperatures between species. But in general, cultivated small marine pelagic fish larvae originating from rather small eggs (like gadoids, flatfishes, sparids) hatch with a relatively large yolk sac, a larval finfold and subdermal space and under-developed organs. Developmental status at hatch differs between species and the duration of the yolk sac period varies. Main organs and organ systems become functional by first feeding and differentiate during the larval stage and metamorphosis. Species developing directly via large yolk-rich eggs and a long incubation period have a juvenile like morphology and organ functionality at first feeding, sometimes immediately after hatch (like wolffishes). Histomorphological and cell- or organ functional studies of developing embryos and larvae of cultivated species constitute basic information for understanding species-specific events, of utmost importance for improving production protocols. Information is still lacking on early functionality of endocrine and immunocompetent tissues and organs, areas that deserve future focus.
This article was published in Fish Shellfish Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development