alexa Comparative sensitivity of six serological tests and diagnostic value of ELISA using purified antigen in hydatidosis.


Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

Author(s): Sbihi Y, Rmiqui A, RodriguezCabezas MN, Ordua A, RodriguezTorres A,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Most serodiagnostic techniques have been evaluated for diagnosis of cystic hydatid disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Each, to varying degrees, has been shown to give false results, with considerable variation between laboratories. The comparative study was made concerning the sensitivity of the immunodiagnostic methods based on 58 sera from hydatid disease with different cyst locations. Latex agglutination, immunoelectrophoresis (IEP), and specific IgE, IgG enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests were studied. Specific IgG ELISA AgB (antigen B-rich fraction) was the most sensitive test (96.5\%) and the least sensitive tests were specific IgE ELISA (24.1\%) and IEP (25.8\%). The low sensitivity of these two tests was due partly to the low reactivity detected in the sera of patients with lung hydatidosis. Initial laboratory studies showed purified antigens to be preferable to crude cyst fluid, regardless of the type of test used. For this reason, we evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of ELISA by using the purified antigen-B-rich fraction. In all, 117 sera were examined: 78 sera from patients with hydatidosis surgically confirmed, 15 sera from healthy control subjects, and 24 sera from patients with diseases other than hydatidosis. The method gave good results: 93.5\% sensitivity, 89.7\% specificity, and 92.3\% diagnostic efficacy.
This article was published in J Clin Lab Anal and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version