alexa Comparative Studies on Plastoquinone II. Analysis for Plastoquinones A, B, C, and D.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Barr R, Henninger MD, Crane FL

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Abstract Two different methods for the extraction and assay of plastoquinones A, B, C and D from chloroplasts of green plants have been described. The long procedure involves separation of aqueous and lipid phases of extract in a separatory funnel, column chromatography, purification on thin-layer plates, and spectrophotometric assays for quantitative determination of the various plastoquinones. The short procedure is based on spotting lipid extracts from chloroplasts on thin layer plates and comparing leucomethylene blue spots of unknown quinones with a series of spots produced by known amounts of the 4 standard plastoquinones on the same plate.Reliability of the 2 procedures is shown by presenting recovery data (82\% recovery for PQ A by the long method and 64-100\% recovery by the short method). Various solvent systems for quinone purification are described. Separation of plastoquinones B and C into 6 components each is demonstrated for spinach and a tomato mutant, high pigment (hp). Plastoquinone C is shown to be equivalent to C(1)-C(4) while D corresponds to PQ C(5) and C(6) according to Griffiths, Wallwork and Pennock's designation. The term PQ D is therefore redundant and should be abandoned in favor of specific designation of PQ C type.
This article was published in Plant Physiol and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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