alexa Comparative study of augmentin versus metronidazole gentamicin in the prevention of infections after appendicectomy.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Author(s): alDhohayan A, alSebayl M, Shibl A, alEshalwy S, Kattan K,

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Abstract Augmentin as single agent was compared to the combination of metronidazole/gentamicin in the prevention of sepsis after appendicectomy. Two hundred patients admitted to Riyadh Central Hospital with a clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis were enrolled in a prospective randomized study. All patients had a preoperative chest X ray, CBC, urinalysis and any other necessary investigations. Patients received either drug regime intravenously, 30 min prior to surgery. The overall incidence of wound infections in the Augmentin group was 8\% as compared to 14\% in the metronidazole/gentamicin group. There were no intra-abdominal abscesses in either group. Patients with perforated or gangrenous appendices received a 3- to 5-day course of treatment. All the early wound infection (2-4 days after operation) occurred in patients with gangrenous or perforated appendices. The results were studied statistically using chi 2 and there was no statistically significant difference between the infection rates in the two treatment groups whatever the state of the appendix at operation. Augmentin is as effective and well-tolerated as metronidazole/gentamicin in the prevention of wound infection following appendicectomy. The ease of administration of one drug with added anti-anaerobic property makes Augmentin superior to the tested combination.
This article was published in Eur Surg Res and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

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