alexa Comparative study of the quality of life between arthrodesis and total arthroplasty substitution of the ankle
Orthopaedics

Orthopaedics

Clinical Research on Foot & Ankle

Author(s): Luis Esparragoza, Carlos Vidal, Javier Vaquero

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Our goal was to compare the health status of patients with primary and secondary arthrosis of the ankle before and after arthrodesis or total substitution arthroplasty, and to determine the improvement in quality of life and whether there is any difference between these techniques. A prospective comparative study of clinical-functional evaluation was performed using the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) scale and quality of life with the short form (SF)-36 questionnaire in patients who underwent arthrodesis (16 cases) or total substitution arthroplasty of the ankle (14 cases) after 2 years (mean, 25.2 months) of follow-up after surgery, in comparison with the baseline preoperative status. In this series of comparable patients, both techniques showed a statistically significant improvement with regard to the clinical evaluation and quality of life after 2 years of follow-up; the arthrodesis group increased from mean AOFAS values of 37.12 to 45.62 (P = .055) and mean SF-36 values of 32.96 to 46.25 (P = .008), whereas in the arthroplasty group the mean values of AOFAS increased from 33 to 62 (P = .024) and SF-36 from 33.62 to 59.84 (P = .001). Nevertheless, in all cases the improvement was statistically greater in patients who underwent arthroplasty than in those who underwent arthrodesis (P = .048 for AOFAS, and P = .026 for SF-36). In conclusion, arthrodesis and arthroplasty represent good options in the surgical treatment of ankle arthrosis, providing both a significant improvement in function and in the health perception and quality of life of the patient. New-generation total ankle substitution arthroplasty provides an improvement in the quality of life and perception of general health of the patient with arthrosis of this joint, when this technique is compared with surgical fusion.

This article was published in The Journal of Foot & Ankle Surgery and referenced in Clinical Research on Foot & Ankle

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