Author(s): Nwokocha CR, Owu DU, Ufearo CS, Iwuala MO
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Abstract Garcinia kola is regarded as an antidote and anti-hepatotoxic agent. We examined its protection ability against mercury (Hg), lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) accumulation in the liver. The ground seed was mixed with rat feed (5\%, w/w) and fed to rats while Hg (10 ppm), Cd (200 ppm) and Pb (100 ppm) was given in drinking water. Garcinia kola was administered either at the same time with the metals (group 2), a week after exposure to heavy metals (group 3) or given a week before heavy metal exposure (group 4) for six weeks. The heavy metal accumulations in the liver were determined using AAS. Garcinia kola could not reverse the weight reduction in the heavy metal exposed groups although it offers more protection and aid greater elimination of heavy metals from the liver. There was a significant (P<0.01) increase in protection by Garcinia kola to Cd (72.4\%) and Pb (56.2\%) accumulation when compared to Hg (40\%) at week 2 which was significantly (P<0.01) decreased at week 4 when compared to week 2. At week 6, the percentage protection to both Hg (64.2\%) and Cd (62.2\%) were comparable to each other while protection to Pb (49.9\%) accumulation was significantly (P<0.01) reduced. The percentage protection was time-dependent in some groups but treatment during and after the exposure provided a greater protection. Garcinia kola has the highest hepatoprotective effect to Cd followed by Hg and least protection against Pb toxicity in rats and its administration is beneficial in reducing heavy metal accumulation in the liver. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Ethnopharmacol
and referenced in Medicinal & Aromatic Plants