Author(s): Lukanova M, Popov I, Velkova A
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Abstract PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To compare and analyze the pain profiles of patients with endometriosis /E/, adenomyosis /A/, and pelvic congestion syndrome /PCS/ in order to specify the factors that make closer the profiles of these conditions, and the factors, that make the differences between them clearer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in the Clinic of Gynaecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medical University-Pleven in the period 01.03.2004-01.02.2006. It included 98 patients consequently admitted in the Clinic--66 patients suspected of or with proven E, and 32 patients with PCS. For the purpose of the study the following methods were used: pain chart, visual-analogue scale /VAS/, monthly pain calendar, documentary method, R-AFS classification of endometriosis and inquiry method. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The object of interest in this study were the pain profiles of E, A and PCS, and the dependence and association of severity of manifestation of the particular components of the pelvic pain syndrome /dysmenorrhoea, dyspareunia, postcoital ache, etc./ of the conditions mentioned above, on: stage of endometriosis, localization of endometriotic foci, diameter of maximal dilation and location of varicosely altered pelvic veins in women with PCS. It was found that the intensity and specificity of component demonstration of pelvic pain syndrome of women with endometriosis were not dependent on the stage of the disease, but on location of endometriotic lesions. In patients with PCS the severity and specific character of chronic pain syndrome were dependent on diameter of maximal dilation and site of varicose pelvic veins. According to its characteristics, pain profile of women A takes a specific place between the peculiar profiles of patients with E and PCS.
This article was published in Akush Ginekol (Sofiia)
and referenced in Journal of Pain & Relief