alexa Comparison of 3D multi-echo gradient-echo and 2D T2* MR sequences for the detection of arterial thrombus in patients with acute stroke.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

Author(s): Hodel J, Leclerc X, Khaled W, Tamazyan R, Rodallec M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: We compared a multi-echo gradient-echo magnetic resonance sequence (susceptibility-weighted angiography [SWAN]) with the T2* sequence for the detection of an arterial thrombus in acute ischaemic stroke. METHODS: Seventy-four consecutive patients with acute ischaemic stroke were included. Proximal arterial occlusions were diagnosed using time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Two-dimensional (2D) axial reformats from 3D SWAN were generated to match with 2D T2* images. For arterial thrombus detection, each set of MR images (T2*, 2D SWAN reformats and 3D multiplanar SWAN images) was examined independently and separately by three observers who assigned the images to one of three categories: (0) absence of thrombus, (1) uncertain thrombus, (2) certain thrombus. Agreement and diagnostic accuracy were calculated. RESULTS: Twenty-four proximal arterial occlusions involving the anterior (n = 20) or posterior (n = 4) circulation were found. Inter-observer agreement was moderate using T2* images (κ = 0.58), good using 2D SWAN reformats (κ = 0.83) and excellent using multiplanar SWAN images (κ = 0.90). For the diagnosis of thrombus, T2* images were 54\% sensitive and 86\% specific, 2D SWAN reformats were 83\% sensitive and 94\% specific and SWAN multiplanar analysis was 96\% sensitive and 100\% specific. CONCLUSIONS: Three-dimensional SWAN sequence improves the detection of arterial thrombus in patients with acute ischaemic stroke in comparison with the 2D T2* sequence. KEY POINTS: • Multi-echo gradient-echo MR (e.g. susceptibility-weighted angiograph, [SWAN]) is increasingly used in neuroradiology. • Compared with conventional T2* sequences, SWAN improves detection of arterial thrombus. • Multiplanar SWAN analysis had the best diagnostic performance for arterial thrombus detection. • Sensitivity was 96\% and specificity 100\%. • Findings support combination of time-of-flight and susceptibility effects in suspected acute stroke. This article was published in Eur Radiol and referenced in Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords