Author(s): Turial S, Enders J, Schier F, Santos M
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: The aim of this retrospective comparative study was to compare the surgical results and outcomes of the newly inaugurated approach of microlaparoscopic pyloromyotomy with open techniques. METHODS: The surgical charts of 110 infants (85 boys and 25 girls, ages ranging from 10 to 98 (average 28) days) undergoing pyloromyotomy microlaparoscopically (28), through the circumbilical approach (56), or via the right upper quadrant access (26) were reviewed. The variables were compared between the three surgical approach groups, and the statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: There was a significant difference between Bianchi and microlaparoscopy in terms of operation time (average 38.5 vs. 20.5 min, p < 0.0001) and time to full enteral feed (average 48 vs. 32 h, p = 0.001). There was no significant difference in postoperative length of stay (75 vs. 82 h, p = 0.12). The operative time for the surgeons experienced in microlaparoscopy was in average of 14 min (range, from 9 to 18 min). When comparing the Weber-Ramstedt procedure and microlaparoscopy, microlaparoscopy required significantly less operative time (50 vs. 20 min, p < 0.0001), a shorter time to full enteral feed (70 vs. 32 h, p < 0.001), and a shorter postoperative length of stay (90 vs. 82 h, p = 0.04). There were no cases of mucosal perforation or incomplete pyloromyotomy. CONCLUSION: Despite the small sample size included in the present study, it seems that microlaparoscopic pyloromyotomy is safe and feasible with the lowest rate of complications and the shortest operative time. The Bianchi approach is a good alternative to achieve a small scar without laparoscopy.
This article was published in J Gastrointest Surg
and referenced in Epidemiology: Open Access