alexa Comparison of burst of reactive oxygen species and activation of caspase-3 in apoptosis of K562 and HL-60 cells induced by docetaxel.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Author(s): Cao DX, Qiao B, Ge ZQ, Yuan YJ

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Abstract Apoptosis-resistant K562 cells and apoptosis-proficient HL-60 acute myelomonocytic leukemia cells were selected to study the cell-type-specific characteristics of docetaxel. The kinetics of cytotoxicity of docetaxel showed a delayed response of K562 cells compared to HL-60 cells. After treatment with 10(-8)M docetaxel, DNA fragmentation and sub-G0/G1 cells were evident in HL-60 cells in less than 6 h, while K562 cells gradually arrested in G2/M phase of the cell cycle and appeared normal for 24 h before developing similar apoptotic changes. The delayed apoptotic changes in K562 cells were accompanied by delayed activation of caspase-3. Additionally, NADPH oxidase inhibition with diphenylene iodonium showed that reactive oxygen species (ROS) burst mediated critically in the caspase-3 activation and apoptosis in HL-60 cells but was only partially involved in those events of K562 cells. These results suggested that docetaxel exposure triggered the delayed apoptosis in K562 cells and the different ROS-dependent or independent signal pathways might account for this phenomenon. Docetaxel elicited ROS production from NADPH oxidase, which in turn triggered activation of caspase-3, leading to apoptosis in HL-60 cells. While in K562 cells, docetaxel induced apoptosis after G2/M accumulation through ROS-independent or partially dependent pathways. This article was published in Cancer Lett and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

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