Author(s): Carrabba N, Parodi G, Valenti R, Migliorini A, Antoniucci D
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Abstract Experimental studies have demonstrated the adverse effects of senescence on cardiac function and remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We sought to assess the impact of age on left ventricular (LV) remodeling and heart failure (HF) after successful primary angioplasty for AMI. A series of 512 consecutive patients underwent 2-dimensional echocardiography at admission and at 1 month and 6 months after index AMI. LV volumes, ejection fraction, and wall motion score index (WMSI) were measured. Patients were divided in group 1 (<70 years old, n = 361) and group 2 (> or =70 years old, n = 151). Group 2 patients showed a lower peak creatine kinase (p = 0.029) compared to group 1. In group 2 patients the 6-month prevalence of LV remodeling (increase >20\% in end-diastolic volume) was higher (34\% vs 25\%, p = 0.041), recoveries of ejection fraction and WMSI were lower (p = 0.00002 for the 2 comparisons), and incidence of late HF was higher (35\% vs 17\%, p <0.0001) compared to group 1 patients. Independent predictors of LV remodeling were WMSI (p <0.0001), infarct size (p <0.0001), and LV end-diastolic volume (p <0.0001). Independent predictors of late HF were WMSI (hazard ratio [HR] 2.7, 95\% confidence interval [CI] 1.624 to 4.514), 6-month LV dilation (HR 2.13, 95\% CI 1.404 to 3.233), diabetes (HR 1.6, 95\% CI 1.008 to 2.595), infarct size (HR 1.12, 95\% CI 1.037 to 1.215), and age as continuous variables (HR 1.064, 95\% CI 1.044 to 1.085). In conclusion, besides infarct size, extensive regional systolic dysfunction may play a significant role in the development of LV remodeling and HF in patients > or =70 years old after successful primary angioplasty.
This article was published in Am J Cardiol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology